Islamabad - Capital of Pakistan

Updated:9 Oct, 2022

The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad located in the northwest of the country on the Potohar Plateau. 

After the partition of India into two countries, India and Pakistan, Karachi was chosen as the capital of the newly established Pakistan. Islamabad is the ninth largest city in Pakistan having an area of 906.5-kilometer square. The modern capital and the ancient Gakhar city of Rawalpindi were founded in 1960. Population of Islamabad in 2022 is 1,198,000 .Let's get to know more about the capital of Pakistan, in this article.

Islamabad is a very clean, calm, quiet, peaceful, and modern city compared to other cities in Pakistan. It is believed that The Shah Faisal Mosque holds a special place in the Muslim community of Pakistan. Some famous university in Islamabad is COMSATS, Bahria, etc. The law and security of Islamabad are excellent.

Most of the population of Islamabad are well educated, giving the city a more Western feel when it comes to tolerance, Urdu language is spoken in Islamabad. In the era of games and sports, Islamabad has indoor & outdoor sports facilities including Polo, horse riding, cricket ground, outdoor and indoor swimming pools, state-of-the-art gym, tennis, squash, badminton courts, and much more.

The History of Islamabad:

Karachi was the first capital of Pakistan. Islamabad is the current capital of Pakistan which was built between 1960 – 1970 to replace Karachi as the capital. President Ayub Khan gives the idea of the national capital of Islamabad (1907–1974). 

The capital of Pakistan was shifted from Karachi to Islamabad because Islamabad was in the center of the country. 20 years after the country's independence, Islamabad officially became the capital of Pakistan on 14 August 1967. Konstantinos Apostolos Doxiadis designed the plan for the city which was triangular.

Islamabad is an Islamic city that means the City of Islam. It is derived from two words, 'Islam' and 'abad'. Islam refers to the religion of Islam, and abad is a Persian suffix meaning cultivated place. Many people including Zahiruddin Babur, Genghis Khan, Taimur, and Ahmad Shah Durrani used the corridor through Islamabad on their way to invade the rest of the Indian Subcontinent. Modern Islamabad is based on the old structure of Saidpur. The British army took control of the region from the Sikhs in 1849 and established South Asia's largest cantonment in the region.

The Geography of Islamabad

The climate of Islamabad is humid with four seasons pleasant Spring (March to April), warm dry Autumn (September to October), a hot summer (May to August), and a cold Winter (November to February). Loi Bher Forest is situated on the Islamabad Highway, the beauty of Islamabad occurs due to the Margallah hill which surrounds Islamabad. Calm, quiet, peaceful, and green present in Islamabad

Tourism in the Capital of Pakistan - Islamabad

Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan, is an attractive place for tourists - Daman-i-Koh, Margalla Zoo, Pakistan Monument, Faisal Mosque, Shakarparian General, Rock climbing, ‎and Main markets. It is the most developed Pakistani city as well as green and clean, serving as the center for tourism. Tourism in Islamabad occurs the whole year and the best months for visiting Islamabad are April to October.

Also Read: 6 Most Popular Pakistani Dishes You Should Try

It is a largely Muslim-populated city in Pakistan, Islamabad is home to the Faisal Mosque. Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in South Asia and the fifth-largest in the world. Security and law and order facilities, by default, are very good.


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